Thousands of years ago, some people thought that earthquakes happened
when the great beast (similar to Nessie) that swam in the depths of the underworld and carried
the Earth on its back shifted the Earth to its other shoulder.
Today most geologists (scientists who study the Earth) think that the
earth we walk on is made of many large plates of land that move around on Earth's liquid
core. At least a dozen of these pieces have moved up against each
other so we can step from one piece to another without noticing. But these
pieces of land, called tectonic plates are still moving, and when
the pressure becomes too great, they slide against each other like the wet
plates in your sink when you wash them. Just as you get splashed
when your plates slip against each other, plates of land jiggle when they
slide against each other. We call this an earthquake, and we call
the places where tectonic plates butt against each other faults.
fault line runs SW-NE through the Scottish Highlands and Loch Ness is on that fault
line. Approximately three earthquakes per century occur at Loch
Ness. They are usually only Richter 4, which is what it feels like
when you are sitting on your bed and somebody bounces it.
There is another way to make earthquakes, besides land masses bumping
and sliding against each other. Nikola Tesla, Serbian-American accidentally caused
several earthquakes while experimenting with ball lightning and
transmitting energy through the Earth. Tesla considered man-made
earthquakes as potential weapons of war. They could be used to f
latten any city that made war on another.
Born on July 9/10, 1856 in
Smiljane, Lika (Austro-Hungarian Empire)
Died on January 7, 1943 in New York City, New York (USA)
- Inventions: a telephone repeater, rotating magnetic field principle,
polyphase alternating-current system, induction motor, alternating-current
power transmission, Tesla coil transformer, wireless communication, radio,
fluorescent lights, and more than 700 other patents. Tesla holds the
patent for the radio, which he received 7 months before Marconi
Another ignored Inventor: Antonio
Meucci, inventor of the telephone in 1849. Unable to raise funds for the
$250 patent fee, Meucci wired his own home with telephones so his wife
could call him when she was ill. Meucci also developed an improvement in
galvanization that was adopted by Cuban military. Meucci was a talented
inventor with no entrepreneurial talent, who spoke only Italian. In 1860,
he arranged a demonstration in which a singer's voice was heard over his
telephone wires from several miles away. Meucci published drawings of his
invention in 1870. Bell did not file for a patent until 1876.
biography of Tesla
Philipp Reis, a young German professor, invented the telephone in 1861,
but nobody took him seriously, even though he made several popular public
demonstrations. One demonstration was in Scotland, while Bell was
there. Nobody knows if Bell attended.
another contributor to the development of the telephone, Elisha
Gray, who obtained a patent for a telephone-like device in 1875.
which is part of the wonderful Nessie website: Legends of Loch Ness
Build a Seismograph
And you can learn more about Nicola Tesla (who in his own way was as
exciting as Nessie)
The Life of Nikola Tesla by
Tesla Page at Yale
Tesla Fan Site -- this
inventor deserves a fan club!
One Story of Nicola Tesla
Tesla invented the radio before Marconi
Tesla's FBI File
part one: http://www.totse.com/en/fringe/tesla/tslafbi1.html
part two: http://www.totse.com/en/fringe/tesla/tslafbi2.html
But other inventors broadcast voice before
Tesla, and made other important developments in radio:
Amos Dolbear 1882 radio on
Nathan B. Stubblefield
Valdemar Poulsenís Canned
Radio History on the Web